To gain access to the public predicates of a module file, load it as you
would any other file—using
appropriate. For example, if your code contains a directive such as
then this directive will load the appropriate file File whether or not File is a module file. The only difference is that if File is a module file, then any private predicates that it defines will not be visible to your program.
The load predicates are adequate for use at Prolog’s top level, or
when the file being loaded is a utility such as a library file. When
you are writing modules of your own,
use_module/[1,2,3] is the
The following predicates are used to load modules:
import the module file(s) F, loading them if necessary; same as
ensure_loaded(F) if all files in F are module files
import the procedure(s) I from the module file F, loading module file F if necessary
import I from module M, loading module file F if necessary
Before a module file is loaded, the associated module is reinitialized: any predicates previously imported into or defined in that module are forgotten by the module.
If a module of the same name with a different PublicPredList or different meta-predicate list has previously been loaded from a different module file, then a warning is printed and you are given the option of abandoning the load. Only one of these two modules can exist in the system at one time.
Normally, a module file can be reloaded after editing with no need to reload any other modules. However, when a module file is reloaded after its PublicPredList has been changed, any modules that import predicates from it may have become inconsistent. This is because a module is associated with a predicate at compile time, rather than run time. Thus, other modules may refer to predicates in a module file that are no longer public. In the case of module importation (where all, rather than specific, public predicates of a module are imported), it is possible that some predicates in the importing module should now refer to a newly-public predicate but do not. SICStus Prolog tries to detect such inconsistencies, and issues a warning when it does detect one. Similarly, if a meta-predicate declaration of an exported predicate changes, then modules that have already imported that predicate become inconsistent, because module name expansion requirements have changed. The current release of SICStus Prolog is unable to detect such inconsistencies.
Modules may be saved to a PO file by calling