An indexical is a reactive functional rule of the form X in R, where R is a finite domain valued range expression (see below). See Syntax of Indexicals for a grammar defining indexicals and range expressions.

Indexicals can play one of two roles: propagating indexicals are used for constraint solving, and checking indexicals are used for entailment checking. Let S(R) denote the value of R in S. When a propagating indexical fires, the current store S is extended to (X in S(R))(S). When a checking indexical fires, it checks if D(X,S) is contained in S(R), in which case the constraint corresponding to the indexical is detected as entailed.

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