##### 10.35.4.1 Arithmetic Constraints
?Expr RelOp ?Expr`   `reifiable

defines an arithmetic constraint. The syntax for Expr and RelOp is defined by a grammar (see Syntax of Arithmetic Expressions). Note that the expressions are not restricted to being linear. Constraints over nonlinear expressions, however, will usually yield less constraint propagation than constraints over linear expressions.

Arithmetic constraints can be reified as e.g.:

```          | ?- X in 1..2, Y in 3..5, X#=<Y #<=> B.
B = 1,
X in 1..2,
Y in 3..5
```

Linear arithmetic constraints, except equalities, maintain bounds-consistency. Their reified versions detect bounds-entailment and -disentailment.

The following constraints are among the library constraints that general arithmetic constraints compile to. They express a relation between a sum or a scalar product and a value, using a dedicated algorithm, which avoids creating any temporary variables holding intermediate values. If you are computing a sum or a scalar product, it can be much more efficient to compute lists of coefficients and variables and post a single sum or scalar product constraint than to post a sequence of elementary constraints.

`sum(`+Xs`, `+RelOp`, `?Value`)`
where Xs is a list of integers or domain variables, RelOp is a relational symbol as above, and Value is an integer or a domain variable. True if `sum(`Xs`) `RelOp Value. Corresponds roughly to `sumlist/2` in `library(lists)`.
`scalar_product(`+Coeffs`, `+Xs`, `+RelOp`, `?Value`)`
`scalar_product(`+Coeffs`, `+Xs`, `+RelOp`, `?Value`, `+Options`)`
where Coeffs is a list of length n of integers, Xs is a list of length n of integers or domain variables, RelOp is a relational symbol as above, and Value is an integer or a domain variable. True if `sum(`Coeffs*Xs`) `RelOp Value.

Options is a list that may include the following option. It can be used to control the level of consistency used by the constraint.

`consistency(`Cons`)`
The value is one of the following:
`domain`
The constraint maintains domain-consistency. Please note: This option is only meaningful if RelOp is `#=`, and requires that any domain variables have finite bounds.
`bounds`
`value`
The constraint tries to maintain bounds-consistency (the default).

The following constraints constrain a value to be the minimum (maximum) of a given list of values.

`minimum(`?Value`, `+Xs`)`
where Xs is a list of integers or domain variables, and Value is an integer or a domain variable. True if Value is the minimum of Xs. Corresponds to `min_member/2` in `library(lists)` and to `minimum/2` in MiniZinc.
`maximum(`?Value`, `+Xs`)`
where Xs is a list of integers or domain variables, and Value is an integer or a domain variable. True if Value is the maximum of Xs. Corresponds to `max_member/2` in `library(lists)` and to `maximum/2` in MiniZinc.

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