| ?- [user]. | adder(X, Y, Sum, Cin, Cout) :- sat(Sum =:= card([1,3],[X,Y,Cin])), sat(Cout =:= card([2-3],[X,Y,Cin])). | ^D % consulted user in module user, 0 msec 424 bytes | ?- adder(x, y, Sum, cin, Cout). sat(Sum=:=cin#x#y), sat(Cout=:=x*cin#x*y#y*cin) | ?- adder(x, y, Sum, 0, Cout). sat(Sum=:=x#y), sat(Cout=:=x*y) | ?- adder(X, Y, 0, Cin, 1), labeling([X,Y,Cin]). Cin = 0, X = 1, Y = 1 ? ; Cin = 1, X = 0, Y = 1 ? ; Cin = 1, X = 1, Y = 0 ? ;
illustrates the use of cardinality constraints and models a one-bit adder circuit. The first query illustrates how representing the input signals by symbolic constants forces the output signals to be displayed as functions of the inputs and not vice versa. The second query computes the simplified functions obtained by setting carry-in to 0. The third query asks for particular input values satisfying sum and carry-out being 0 and 1, respectively.